Neck pain arises if any mechanical or pathological damage happens to neck or surrounding structures of the neck. Neck is a complex structure consisting of bones, joints, nerves, muscles, tendons and ligaments. The main job of the neck is to hold up the weight of the head. Additional to this, the neck has to form a conduit for the spinal cord, carry blood vessels to and from the brain, and contain passageways for air and food.
The main physical structures in the neck are the seven small interlocking bones called cervical vertebrae, numbered C1 through to C7. C1, also known as the atlas, is the closest one to head, followed by C2, also known as the axis. Each vertebra is connected to the next by facet joints, and between the two vertebrae, there are rubbery cushions made mostly of cartilage acting as shock-absorbers called intervertebral discs.
Symptoms of neck pain
Neck pain symptoms may help your Canadian Certified KKT Orthopedic Surgeons to diagnose the cause of acute and chronic neck pain. Here are some symptoms.
- Muscle spasm
A spasm is a sudden, powerful, involuntary contraction of the neck muscles. The surrounding muscles of the neck feel painful, stiff and knotted. The neck movements become difficult and neck range of motion gets decreased.
- Muscle ache
The neck muscles are aching and may have hard knots (trigger points) that are painful to touch. Tenderness is often felt up the middle of the back of the neck, or it may on one side of the neck only.
- Neck Stiffness
The neck muscles are tight and keeping neck in one position for prolong periods of times makes them even tighter. Stiff neck pain can make it difficult to move your neck.
- Nerve pain
Neck pain can radiate down the arms and sometimes to the legs. Along with shoulder and neck pain, you may have feeling of pins and needles or tingling sensations in your arms, which may be associated with numbness, burning or weakness. This pain typically gets worse at night.
Neck pain and headaches are common along with neck problems. The headaches are often felt at the back of the head known as Cervicogenic Headaches.
- Reduced range of motion
If you are not able to turn your head to the side to the same degree towards each shoulder, or you feel limited in how far you can lower your head to your chest, or how far you can tilt your head back, you may have reduced range of motion.
Causes of neck pain
Common neck pain causes are given below:
- Muscle strain
- Degenerative disc disease
- Cervical Disc Herniation
- Cervical Spondylosis or Degeneration
- Cervical Spinal Stenosis
Severe neck pain that occurs after a fall or accident can be a serious problem. KKT Orthopedic Spine treatment is the most effective, globally recognized and evidence based treatment for neck pain relief. Seek medical advice from your nearby KKT center immediately for neck pain treatment if your neck problem is associated with feeling of tingling or numbness in legs or arms, shooting pains or loss of bowel or bladder control.